Computer Generation ke bare mein puri jankari

generation

Aaj ke samay main sayad hi koi esa insan hoga jo computer name janta na ho…. Or vo kisi na kisi rup main computer se juda na ho, aaj ke jamane main computer ne saksharta ki paribhasa badal kar rakh di hai. Main aaj is post main aap ko computer Generation(pidhi) ke bare mian batane wala hu. Computer ki suruaat se leke aaj tak ki computer generations ke bare main aap ko jankari dene wala hu.

Computer ki Frist Generation ke bare main jankari

Frist Generation 1946 se 1959 tak ka hai, ismain Computer ki Frist Generation C.P.U. ( Central Processing Unit) Memory or Circuitry ke liye vicyum tube ka use kiya gaya hai or isme se tubes or electrick bulbs, jaise padartho ke use karne se usmain jyada kharch aata tha is liye ye bahut mahenge huwa karte the. Is generation main batch processing operating system ka use kiya gaya tha . panch cards, Paper tapes, and magnetic tape ka use input or output device ke rup main use kiya jata tha.

First Generation ke Computer ke features ke bare main jankari

  1. Vacuum tube ki Technology
  2. Unreliable
  3. Supported machine language only
  4. Bahut hi mahnga
  5. Generated lot of heat
  6. Slow input and output devices
  7. badi size
  8. Need of A.C.
  9. Non-portable
  10. Consumed lot of electricity

First generation ke Computer ke models

  • ENIAC
  • EDVAC
  • UNIVAC
  • IBM-701
  • IBM-650

Computer ki Second Generation ke bare main jankari

Computer main Second Generation 1959 se 1965 tak ka hai, Second Generation main Transistors ka use kiya gaya tha. Or ye frist generation se saste the. Bijali ki bachat hoti hai, or aakar main thode chhote the. Vecum tube se bane Frist generation kit ulna main ye computer tej the. Ye generation main magnetic core or primary memory or magnetic disks ka use kiya gaya tha. Ye generation main assembly bhasha or high leval ki bhasa ka use kiya gaya tha.

Second generation ke features ke bare main jankari

  • transistors ka use kiya gaya tha.
  • first generation ke computers se ye viswasniya the.
  • first generation ke computers se ye kad main chhote the.
  • first generation ke computers se ye kam garmi peda karte the.
  • kam bijali ka use hota tha.
  • first generation ke computers se ye bahut fast the.
  • bahut mahnge the.
  • A.C. ki jarurat padti hai.

Second Generation computers Models

  • IBM 1620
  • IBM 7094
  • CDC 1604
  • CDC 3600
  • UNIVAC 1108

Third Computer Generation ke bare main jankari

Third Computer Generation main Second Generation 1965 se 1971 tak ka hai, Third Generation main Transistors ke badleme IC ka use kiya gaya hai. Ek single IC ke use se bahut sari Transistors, Resistors or capactor ke barabar hai. Third Generation wala computer ek viswasniya ta ka ujagar karta hai. Second Generation se chhota ye computer viswasniya or kusasl dikh raha tha. Ye generation main remote processing, time sharing, multi-programming operating system ka use kiya gaya hai. Ye generation main high level ki bhasa ka use kiya gaya hai jaise ki FORTRAN-II TO IV, COBOL, PASCAL PL/1, BASIC, ALGOL-68 jaisi bahut si bhasa ka use kiya gaya hai.

Third Generation ke features ke bare main jankari

  • IC ka istimal kiya gaya hai,
  • Frist, or Second Generation se adhik viswasniya hai.
  • Chhote aakar ka hai.
  • Kam garmi paida karta hai
  • Pahle se jyada fast hai.
  • Kharab jaldi nahi hota
  • Par hai abhi bhi mahnga
  • A.C. Ki jarurat padti hai.
  • Kam bijali khata hai.

Third Generation computers Models

  • IBM-360 series
  • Honeywell-6000 series
  • PDP(Personal Data Processor)
  • IBM-370/168
  • TDC-316

Computer main Fourth Generation ke bare main jankari

Fourt Computer Generation 1971 se 1980 tak ka hai, Fourt Generation ke computer VLSI Circuits ka istimal bahut hi kiya gaya hai, only 1 VLSI Circuits lagbhag 5000 Transistor or dusre kai prakarke Circuits ka use only 1 chip main kiya gaya hai. Fourth generation ke computer adhik saktisali majbut, vishwasniya or saste ho gaye. Sath hi main ye fourth generation ne Personal Computer (PC)ki kranti ka avishkar kar diya. Is generation main Sharing, Real Time, Networks, Distributed Operating System use kiya gaya hai. Sab high level ki bhasa ka use kiya gaya hai jaise ki C, C++, Dbase.

Fourth Computer Generation ke features ke bare main jankari

  • VLSI Technology ka istimal
  • Bahut Sasta
  • Portable Or vishwasniya
  • PC Ka upayog
  • Bahut Chhota
  • Pipeline processing
  • A.C. Ki jarurat nahi
  • Internet Ki suruaat ki gai
  • Network main aage
  • Computer Aasani se upalbdh hone lage

Fouth Generation computers Models

  •   DEC 10
  •    STAR 1000
  •    PDP 11
  •    CRAY-1(Super Computer)
  •    CRAY-X-MP(Super Computer)

Computer main Fifth Generation ke bare main jankari

Computer main Fourt Generation 1980 se Aaj tak hai. Fifth generation main VLSI Technology se aage ULSI(Ultra Large Scale Integration) Technology ka istimal kiya gaha hai. Ye Generation main 10 lakh microprocessor chips laga huwa hai. Jisase computer fast hota hai. Or hardware, software, par aadharit hai, fifth generation ke computer insan ki tarah hone lage. Ismain C, C++, JAVA, Net jaisi bhasa ka istimal hone laga.

Fifth Generation ke features ke bare main jankari

  • Development of Natural language processing
  • Availability of very powerful and compact computers at cheaper rates
  • More user friendly interfaces with multimedia features
  • Development of true artificial intelligence
  • Advancement in Parallel Processing
  • Advancement in Superconductor technology

Fourth Generation main kis type ke computer The.

  • Desktop
  •  Laptop
  •  NoteBook
  •  UltraBook
  •  ChromeBook

Ummid hai ki aap ko meri ye Computer Generation ke bare main hindi main jankari pasand aayi hogi aagar pasand aayi hot o share jarur kare or apne dosto ko bhi iske bare main hindi main jankari mile esa kare.

1 Comment

Click here to post a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Pin It on Pinterest

Share This